Henry “Hank” Sanders (born October 28, 1942) is a Democratic member of the Alabama Senate, representing the 23rd District since 1983. He is the longest-serving chair of a legislative budget committee in Alabama, having first been named to Chair of the Senate Finance & Taxation Committee in January 1996 and serving in it for four consecutive terms. Hank “The Rock” Sanders is serving his eighth term in the Alabama Senate. He first received his nickname “The Rock” by his mother because of his solid, steady and reliable nature, and that nickname has been adopted as a slogan in his political campaigns for the Alabama Senate.

Sanders wrote and published a novel, “Death of a Fat Man,” in 2004. Amazon’s review states, “The book is full of wisdom and easy to read. In his novel, Hank shares the pain, suffering, and triumphs of struggles with obesity and imminent death. The 420-page book is written in vignettes, framed as short letters from an obese grandfather to a four- year-old granddaughter already showing signs of obesity. Hank says that he has a granddaughter like that in real life. The character in the book overcomes his severe obesity not through fad diets, but through paying attention to his body and soul. At the conclusion of the novel, the main character is still obese even though he has lost weight. He continues to struggle to lose more. He is at peace with himself because he has learned to resist the temptations that led to the extreme weight gain and caused him so much physical and emotional pain. Senator Sanders says, It is important that people understand they can defeat their obesity, or at least bring it under control. He did that in real life and in the novel- through meditation and through paying attention to how food makes him feel. When Hank started writing the book he could hardly walk. Even the short distance from the senate chamber to his office in the State House, or from his Selma law office to the parking lot, were extremely difficult. While he continued to struggle with arthritis after the publication of the novel, he moved around better” and subsequently went through a double knee replacement surgery. The surgery, performed at the Kirklin Clinic at the University of Alabama in Birmingham in 2008, was very successful, and Sanders now walks two miles daily.[1]

Sanders received attention for a robocall he recorded in 2010 warning of a possibility of “going back to the cotton fields of Jim Crow days” in the 2010 Alabama elections. He said he was “mad as hell” and did not want to go back in time in Alabama.[2]

Hank Sanders is the second of 13 children born to Ola Mae (deceased) and Sam Sanders (deceased) of Baldwin County, Alabama. He challenged the twin obstacles of poverty and racism to graduate from Douglasville High School, Talladega College and Harvard Law School; establish a law practice, and serve as the first African American State Senator from the Alabama Black Belt. He is married to Faya Rose Toure’, formerly Rose M. Sanders and they have three children by birth, four by foster relationship, and many others by heart. He is a member and official Sunday School Reviewer of the Calvary MissionaryBaptist Church in Selma.

At the age of twelve, Sanders was inspired to become a lawyer after reading about Thurgood Marshall in a magazine article.[3] Hank Sanders graduated near the top of his high school class in 1960 and college class in 1967; winning the Catherine Wardell Award after his freshman year as the “Student who contributed most to Talladega College the previous year”. He received a special scholarship to Boston University for his junior year and Harvard Summer School after his sophomore year. He attended Harvard Law School on a Felix Frankfurter Scholarship “for poor young men who show great promise” and served as President of Harvard Black Law Students Association. In 2008, he received an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Talladega College.

After law school, Sanders won a Ford Foundation Fellowship that sent him to Africa for a year and a Reginald Heber Smith fellowship that sent him to Huntsville, Alabama to work for the poor with Legal Services. In 1971, Hank began Chestnut, Sanders, Sanders, and Pettaway, P.C., at one time the largest Black law firm in Alabama and one of the largest in the country. His law practice has been one of service helping poor and Black people save their lands, protecting Constitutional rights of citizens, incorporating new towns and building strong sensitive governmental institutions. As a community person, Hank has helped found or build many organizations including Alabama New South Coalition, where he currently serves as President Emeritus; 21st Century Youth Leadership Movement; Alabama Lawyers Association; Black Belt Human Resources; The National Voting Rights Museumand Institute; C.A.R.E. (Coalition of Alabamians Reforming Education); the Slavery and Civil War Museum, andmany others. In 2007, Sanders received the Federation of Southern Cooperatives Estelle Witherspoon Lifetime Achievement Award for his outstandingwork over a lifetime.

Hank Sanders was first elected to the Alabama State Senate in 1983 and has championed issues pertaining to education, children, health, women, and removing sales tax from food. He served as Chairman of the powerful Finance and Taxation Education Committee; selected as Outstanding Legislator by the Alabama Legislative Black Caucus; voted a finalist in the Legislator of the Year Award by his fellow senators, and received a 1999 Nation Builder Award from the National Caucus of Black State Legislators. As part of his accountability, Sanders writes a weekly column entitled “Senate Sketches” which is published widely. He does three weekly radio programs: the Sunday School Lesson, Radio Education, andLaw Lessons.

In addition to authoring his novel, Death of a Fat Man, Senator Sanders is working another book, The Gift of Struggle. He speaks widely, especially to youth and enjoys reading, writing, and sports.